Monday, May 23, 2016

Scherzo from Midsummer Night's Dream


Question: Dear Jen, I realize that at some point as an adult intermediate flutist, that I should try and tackle the Mendelssohn Midsummer Night's Dream Scherzo from the Incidental Music. I have the Baxtresser book*. What's the deal with the non-existant breathing? I hardly see any breath marks, and it's a bit diabolical at first glance. Do you have suggestions? M.
*(note: Baxtresser book/cd of orchestral excerpts.)

Jen replies:
Dear M,
Look deeply into the eyes of young Mendelssohn. Is he saying "are you a manly dude or a wee mouse?"

 
click on pictures to enlarge them

I think I'm both myself, ha ha. But I am going to reply: "I am a renegade, sir. Like you."
(See below for renegade suggestions and pdf.)

The fact is that the solo from the Midsummer Night's Dream is on audition lists because it shows these qualities: lightness, clear tone during continuous double tonguing, motion and phrasing, and......incredible super-human control-breathing.

Some details:

1. Mendelssohn is to be played light and fairy-like. So the style must be "classic Mendelssohn". Listen to other works of his played by quality orchestras, in order to hear this lightness and sense of play and magic. Bring this light, otherworldly and dainty quality to all your Mendelssohn.

2. The flutist must play staccato, but at this speed "Allegro Vivace" the staccatos must ring with good tone quality and not be too dry or too short. Many of us practice the piece all slurred for a good deal of time, before tonguing the notes. That way the tone is centered and the tone quality is assured. You can then switch back and forth between tonguing and slurring to assure that the tone quality and fingers remain even. Playing two bars slurred, and then the next two tongued, is one clever way of doing it. (or one slurred bar followed by one tongued bar.) Toggling back and forth between tonguing and slurring is the best all around way to learn this well.

3. There are a few marked dynamics that are very subtle, that can give more motion and phrasing. If you start to learn the dynamics, tone and phrasing BEFORE you tackle the breathing problems, it will be much easier in the longrun. You'll already be light, ringing and clear in tone, with good phrasing before the famous asphyxia sets in. :>)

4. The double tonguing that you would eventually use for this at tempo, is also something that is more easily worked without breathing requirements; it's listening and testing, and even-ing, and Gu-ing and Du-ing. I'm sure your teacher will walk you through all that when the time comes for a faster tempo than can be single-tongued.

5. The Breathing:

This excerpt is famous for the non-existent breath-marks. I've marked two Baxtresser breaths in red in this sample, and one in brackets where you may drop a note for your first few (YEARS!) of working on this excerpt. See below.


click on pictures to enlarge them

How to work the breathing:

One note per bar
If you were to play the entire solo with just one main note per bar, then you could clearly learn the breathing demands without the tonguing and fingering to tangle with at the same time.

 Try it out and see if you can make a good quality mezzo piano tone and just play one note per bar;
  3   1   2  3   1  2  3    1   2   3    1   2   3
D1-G1-------G2-------F2-------G1--------etc.

All you do is take the first note of each bar, and then hold the first note of each bar all the way through the three beats with a great centered tone at mezzo forte. Then repeat it at mezzo piano. Then put the dynamics in. Don't add the other notes all at once; just add a scale here, and a bar there. Fill in the outline that you've created.
One note per bar can rock: it tells you what air speed you'll need overall, and how much air you'll have to save, or hold back, so that you can make it last until the next breathing point. Played this way the solo is a delight. You still may need to add more breath marks at first. See below too for how to switch it up further and to make a duet out of it.

The above may of playing one note per bar, or every other bar,  even takes a few months work, because it's a huge challenge not to waste air while playing so long on one breath. I recall working on this in third year University (and not much before that) and it took me three months, as an advanced player, to learn to meter out the air so that I didn't run out. One of the tricks is to get good projection for quiet playing, but there are so many things to learn; not just the breathing (the staccato, the phrasing, the double tonguing so that fingering and tonguing are completely reliable etc.)

So for an intermediate student, all that might just be asking a bit much; so be sure your teacher really thinks you need this. After all countless players have listed this solo by Mendelssohn as one of the worst breathing problem-creations of all time. (the other one is Afternoon of a Faun, which is slightly less demanding for sure).

But now for something completely different. Are you ready for renegade?

My renegade thinking:

I think that we should all pay attention to this little fact. It is now about two full centuries since this breathing crisis was created by young Felix (brn. 1809). And yet, take a look at the screen shot of the Midsummer Night's Dream score here:

click on pictures to enlarge them
 
Do you notice what the second flute is doing when the first flute begins their circular breathing nightmare of a fairy dance?
 
Click on the picture to look at the empty bars for second flute.
  
Sad isn't it?
  
The second flute is just sitting there doing nothing when they could HELP!
For the sake of flute players everywhere, why don't they just HELP? 
 
 :>D (hahahhaa!)
  
So, joe-renegade here, I have re-written the Solo from the Scherzo in a pdf.
 
In the two page pdf I have done two things.
 
On page 1, there is the solo written as it originally appears, and below it, flute 2 has a simplified version that works to vary the different ways of practicing it. As mentioned above, one note per bar, or slurring before tonguing, all these are easier when the breathing problems disappear. Try it to hear.
 
On page 2 of the pdf, there is the solo written divided (HELP has ARRIVED!) for two flutes.
The soloist can begin and end the solo, and the 2nd flute dove-tails in and out in order to make it easy and do-able.
 
Why don't we all play it like this?
All the time?
 
It would no longer be required on auditions because we were all so helpful to eachother. :>)
Yes?
 
Can't wait to hear your comments.
 
See the Mendelssohn Scherzo flute re-write and practice sheet here:
Free. :>)
 
 
Enjoy exploring it.
Best, Jen
 


Thursday, April 21, 2016

18 steps: the "how to" video of classical music

How to be a Classical Musician (humour video)



Mildly funny, until you start sobbing without realizing it. :>)
Jen

Wednesday, March 09, 2016

What do articulation markings mean?


Amateur flutists coming for lessons for the first time often have questions such as these:

What do slurs plus staccatos mean over the notes?

What do the different accents mean?

How short are staccatos?

And if you go to the online music theory pages, you could end up reading all the historical arguments for all the symbols of music. (and there are lots of finer points to consider, as the articulation symbols changed over the centuries, borrowing from violin symbols etc.)

So for easy reading, I've created a one-page, printable pdf that gives the basic articulations for flute:

What do flute articulation markings mean? (pdf)

Amateur or band-only flutist who needs quick information might want these one-page explanations to put in their folder for quick and handy reference:

1. Articulations on the Flute - What is written and how to play it (pdf)
2. Trill chart for band flutists (pdf of Mark Thomas's trill chart)
3. Grace Notes page from Rubank (thank you Hymie Voxman!) (pdf)

And for a big read one rainy day:
4. Ornaments (trills, grupetto, grace notes etc.) at online theory pages. (webpage)

The above one-page wonders should help get a novice or intermediate band flutist started.

And for those who tend to play with a puff of air on every note, instead of continuous sound, here's a quick graphic showing that also. Unless it's staccato, you need continuous air to sound continuous sound.

click on graphic to enlarge


And here is a video of Paul Edmund- Davies teaching legato articulation on flute (excellent video).

And if you want to boggle your mind with research, here's the answer to the very first question of this blog post:

What do slurs plus staccatos mean over the notes?

Answer:
 Louré and/or Portato; but the flute doesn't air-pulse or "lean in" as much as a string-player does.(see video of bowing technique)

 Feature that.

The "Dududu" of delicate tonguing separation has to be lighter on flute than Portato would be on violin, so that it does not sound too accented, too sea-sick, or too "pulse-ey" :>) That's why I prefer the term Louré, but there are many opinions.

One of the loveliest descriptions of the heavier Portato is given in vol. IV of Karen Smithson's method called:  Playing the Flute! Smithson says:
_________________
Portato (Bell Tones)
Notes written with both a staccato dot and a slur are to be played tongued and semi-detached, as though a tiny diminuendo were written on each note. This has an effect similar to a bell being rung several times in a row. The moment the bell is struck the sound begins to fade until the bell is struck again. This method of articulation allows us to make a sound midway between a legato (completely connected) and staccato (completely detached).
_________________

Here are some visual examples; play them and see what they sound like. You'll soon find the delicate balance. And Dududu to you too. Comments welcome. :>)

Opening of Faure's Fantaisie: just say DuuDuuDuu; if your tone is beautiful, then you will be bell-like:


click on image to enlarge
 
Drouet's 72 Etudes; too fast for anything but Dududu, me thinks:

 
click on image to enlarge

Bach's 24 Concert Etudes from the Violin/Cello works (heavily edited in 1800s):

 
click on images to enlarge each one

And here is the true Portato, as shown by Tchaikovsky's gorgeous violin concerto second movement.
This one you can Bell-tone (lean) yourself into gloriousness!



Hope this helps,
Best, Jen

Sunday, March 06, 2016

Masterclass on Piano Trio playing - Mendelssohn

In Search of the Miraculous....

Master Class with Menahem Pressler (video) - Mendelssohn/Mozart.



I spotted this on Norman Lebrecht's classical music page.
Totally brilliant and inspiring. Do watch.
When I played a few years ago in a good piano trio (flute, cello, piano, with flute often playing violin parts) this is exactly the kind of fine work we loved.
So beautiful was this Pressler masterclass playing, after the students were given advice, that I had to keep pausing the video, and walking away and then returning. I couldn't take it all in at once, it was so miraculous! So lovely! So tender, and yet so architecturally intricate.

Of course there are many typically 'human performance' features going on in these film clips.
Firstly, the opening performance of each trio group is full of adrenalin, normal nervousness, and unsureness of how much to project for that new audience in that new acoustic space. I found the playing forced and wooden, and often lept ahead to hear the improved versions instead.

When the Pressler coaches, you can see the players relax into listening very closely in new ways, more like a "coaching lesson", something they are more used to, that gives them time to make adjustments and experiment.
All at once they are being asked to make their dynamic levels more delicate; to draw the audience in to them. And any unconscious rhythmic problems are pointed out (Why are you speeding up here?), letting them settle into more professional transitions that make better dramatic and songful sense.

 As the students play the teacher's corrections, of course, the adrenalin begins to settle, as they are humourously chided and made to call and respond, they become less tense, less afraid.

 Most importantly, the emotive singing, playing and talking of Master gives them feedback that allows them to imagine their best audience. When Pressler speaks and corrects them he conveys directly what he is listening for; he becomes the very fine ears for which they are playing, so all of a sudden they KNOW who their audience is and what acoustic or colour to create.

When the great ears of a master performer sings for you, to show you what to do, then suddenly the miraculous begins to take place. This is learning that is immediate.

Amazing. Enjoy.

Best, Jen on a Sunday

Sunday, February 14, 2016

High B and how to get it to 'speak'


A novice flute student asks:
I can get high B-flat, but I can't seem to get high B yet, any suggestions?

Dear High-B Wisher,

This is a common problem with flute students who are just starting to explore the top register at its highest: the hardest notes to "get" are B natural, C and C#.

In flute lingo they are called B3, C4, and C#4. (the three and four mean third octave, fourth octave).
Yes, they require special care to get; they don't just pop out like high G (G3) does. But they do pop out eventually, with time and patience, and a little relaxing. :>)

But there are some tricks specifically for getting high B.

Firstly, the reason it's difficult is because it's slightly unstable, like high F#. It either underblows, or it squeaks to the other harmonics; can be frustrating at first.
The overtone series make notes like high F# and B difficult for similar reasons (physics, nodes and finger holes, if you ever look into it.) In general, you have to find a specific embouchure that's right in the "sweet spot" for those two notes.

So here's the easiest way to do it:

Firstly, if you are tightening your lips to make a spit-raspberry (pppppzzzppzz!!), that's the wrong technique; you need to use the soft centers of the lips to move forward somewhat like a half-kiss shape. You also need very fast air speed.

So go over that with our private teacher; simply tightening or scrunching the two lips will not allow you to proceed with any ease and without the splat of lip-caused trumpety splat noises. The lips need to be flexible, soft, and variable to use in these experiments.

Secondly, check the fingering chart; many first-timers mis-read or mis-remember the standard fingerings for the very high notes.

A good fingering chart is here:
http://www.jennifercluff.com/flutefingeringchart.pdf

Write the fingering down a few times.
High B is just like F#3, but it has second trill key instead of right hand ring finger:
High B: the real fingering
1 3| [tr2] opt.4 
 T
High B - the real fingering (RH pinky optional for stability)
 
(Note: the original person who asked the question wrote back an hour after I posted this; it turns out that they could get B easily by using the above fingering, and taking their right pinky off. So there you go. The student also added that blowing downward more improved their tone, once on high B.)

Thirdly, the easiest way to get high B to speak is to use an alternate fingering that's exactly like F#3.
Use this not as a real fingering, but as an experiment-to-get-the-note fingering.
High F# and then add both trill keys to the above using RH 1 & 2, and a high B will magically pop out!
Right hand 1 on trill key 1. Right hand 2 on trill key 2.

Alternate fingering, High B (flatter in pitch) from high F# plus two trill keys.

Does your high B pop out using the above fingering, overblowing from F#3?
If not see more experiments below.
This alternate fingering also works great if you ever need a flatter-pitched high B on a long note. :>)

Fourthly, there's an experimental way to under-blow a high note fingering to get a "ghost undertone" that is secretly below the note you're looking for.
Play the real high B fingering.
Now blow softly, openly and hollowly, to make any lower "ghost" note come out with the high B fingering. Try all low notes; find out what sounds you can get without blowing hard.
You should hear an unstable, out-of-tune, ghostly note that's in a lower octave; like an out-of-tune F# in the middle octave.

Hold the ghost-undertone steady and find the center of the sound it makes.

Then, just as you would blow up an octave, take a breath, play the ghost tone, and then overblow the ghost-undertone up to the high octave with the exact same fingering and the high B will likely pop out perfectly.

Why does this work?

Because it gets rid of any tight-lipped scrunching you may have been doing before. (!)
Your lips are more open and more centered; you're not trying so hard; you're not shoving your jaw forward, etc. You're just playing low then high on the same fingering.

Try it; works like a dream for most students. :>)

If the above experiments don't work, it could be that you need to look in a mirror when you form your high embouchure. Maybe your flute is slanted and not parallel to your lips.....

And looking in the mirror, if you are doing anything tight or tense, like squeezing or pressing your lips together, pulling your lip corners back, rolling your flute inward, suddenly bobbling your flute when your fingers change, or blowing out of the side of your lips instead of out of the center, or mis-aiming at the center of the flute's splitting edge, all of these will alway prevent the highest notes from speaking easily.

This problem of finding the highest notes (B, C, C# and D4) challenging is very typical of students everywhere; it's just one of the challenges of learning the flute. You might want to take a look at the blog post just two before this one, where I talk about high D. There's something to learn there too.

But it really is smart to get your private teacher's help on this right at the start, rather than develop some weird way of getting high B to strain itself out, and then straining to get it as a permanent strain-thing.

Teachers help eliminate excess tension in their students by noticing what the student is doing to prevent themselves from getting a note, and then letting the student know where to relax, and where to focus.
It's much easier with a coach to help spot you.

General high note information is here:
http://www.jennifercluff.com/tone.htm#highregister

Hope this helps.
Best, Jen

Saturday, February 13, 2016

Are You Twisting your Crown?


Dear Flute Lovers,
Are you twisting your crown?
Did you know that if you twist your flute's crown, as if you're tightening the little silver disc on the top end of the headjoint, that doing so actually pulls the cork farther and farther outward, and that your flute will get flatter and flatter in pitch?

Apparently lots of people don't know this. So I thought I'd put up some pictures.

Here is the crown and cork when it is out of the flute. (Only the repair-person ever sees the cork.)
From the flute player's perspective, they would only be able to see the metal discs at either end of the cork if they looked inside.

 
However what many student flutists don't know is about the mechanism of the crown assembly.
Get this:
When you turn the crown, the big screw that goes through the cork is built so that it pulls the cork farther and farther out the top end of the flute and makes the flute badly out of tune. 
 
Originally the secret 'twist-means-pull' action is for the repair person to make very fine adjustments when placing the cork permanently. Not for the flutist to twist!
 
Click on the pictures below to see the mechanism; if you twist, the cork moves outward and the flute becomes flat in pitch. So the best idea is to hang a "do not disturb" sign on the crown end of your flute, and leave it alone. As long as the tick-mark on your cleaning rod appears at the center of the blow hole, then there is no reason to ever touch the crown at all. (If the crown makes a ringing sound because it's dented, put a blob of clear nail-polish on the connection to keep it from making a noise, but this is rare.)
 
 
Click on picture above to enlarge.
 
 
More notes on the flute's cork
 
The cork should last ten years if you don't move it or touch it. It's safest to let only experts move the cork if necessary. Shifting the cork actually breaks the air-tight seal and allows condensation to wet the cork more quickly than if the cork was left where set at 17.3 millimeters.

If the air-tight seal of the cork is broken, the cork gets wet and then dry over and over again, from condensation, and it shrinks. (that's why some modern manufacturers now use O-rings made of man-made materials; they shrink less).
Once a natural cork has shrunken it will allow air leaks which affect the tone. The flute will gradually, over time become more and more fluffy sounding.

Eventually it will shrink so much it will slide in and out by itself. You'll see this "YIKES!" cork action in unrepaired band instruments that have been uncared for and in severe cases, when corks are shrunken or leaking like this, the student will be able to pull the cork back and forth without resistance and will sound fluffy and airy when they play. And yet a brand new cork costs only $10!
So actually, financially speaking, there's no reason for band-flute corks to be in such poor repair. After repair, they only need to be left alone to function well for a decade at a time.
 
The flute repair person, or the manufacturer sets the cork at approx. 17.3 mm from the center of the blow hole. This measurement is engraved on the far end of the cleaning rod. The tick-mark on the cleaning rod should appear in the middle of the blow hole when flush against the silver-coloured cork-plate inside the headjoint. If you're unsure ask your teacher to check.
 
If for some reason your cork is out of position, it is best to have the flute technician or flute teacher reposition it, and check to feel whether it moves too easily. It is a repair that only takes a few minutes at a proper flute repair shop. No one need do this work themselves, and in fact shouldn't bother trying to fix it themselves. Inexperienced students may try to force the cork back in again, and end up bending the more expensive screw inside the crown that is a cork adjustment screw. Have a look at the parts on this patent office drawing.


 
Click on picture to enlarge.
 
 Inexperienced students also may not know that the cork assembly is tapered and that you should never try and remove it through the crown end as it will become stuck (crown tapers inward and corks are removed and replaced through the tenon end only).
 
Some flute students also mistakenly believe that because the position of the cork affects tuning (but all kinds of (doh) internet articles say so ! (doh!), that therefore the player can USE the cork mechanism for tuning their entire instrument. I say:  Whoa, dude! Not a good idea at all. Don't do it.
Every single note will be even more uncontrollably out of tune than you thought possible. I say: eeek.

As you can see from the Miyazawa article below, even a half-turn of the crown is enough to change the tuning sufficiently for a dire situation, without making the whole scale go wonky.
And how many students know when to stop at a half-turn? How many students control their tuning so well that they can even hear the difference of a half-turn of the crown? I say again; don't do it.
 
(James Galway once stated in an email that he uses a quarter-turn of the crown when changing from European tuning (A-442-446) to North American/British Tuning (A-440), but that's difficult to comprehend if you don't also know how far out the headjoint must be drawn at the same time; playing along with A-440 recordings of his, as well as A-442-444 recordings, I find it a huge stretch and quite uncomfortable; so I don't actually know how he does it; hope he gets asked and tells us all.)
 
For most students playing a well-repaired flute, it's very likely that the cork is fine, and doesn't need to be moved EVER, but perhaps that student has discovered, as their ears improve, that the flute is sharp in the high register, and flat in the lowest register, and they wonder if moving the cork will fix this. Well it won't.

This tuning problem of loud and incredibly sharp high notes is as normal as can be. The solution comes in private lessons when studying how to bend the pitch  and will not be fixed by moving the cork!
 
Tuning a flute relies on the placement of the headjoint into the barrel at the same spot everyday, and then eventually learning to use the embouchure to bend the notes into tune.
 
A typical flute would normally have the headjoint pulled out 1/8th of an inch from the barrel or slightly more to play at A-440.
This line can be marked with a black felt permanent marker on the headjoint, after playing extensively with the Tuning CD over many months.
 
Then through working with a teacher, learning to jut out the upper lip to bend down sharp notes in the high register, and learning how to keep a larger mouth cavity and dropped jaw, over time the student learns to play less sharp in the high register.

Likewise, a flat low D, or low E or low C can be improved in pitch by keeping the headjoint rolled out (don't roll in for low notes), blowing with faster air, and aiming the angle of the air slightly upward in angle for soft dynamics.
 
See articles below and please always leave the cork's placement to the experts: (ie: corks hardly ever need to be moved unless the flute has been mishandled, or not-repaired regularly).
 
To read more see:
 
 
 
Beginner's guide to how to tune a flute:
 
More on flute corks:
 
Jen's Flute Tuning Articles:
 
Hope this helps those crown twisters. :>)
I used to do it as a child too; and boy howdy was my 1970s band-flute out of tune a week later!
 
Best, Jen
 

Wednesday, February 03, 2016

Starting the piccolo

Dear Flute-lovers,

I have been thinking over "How to best start the piccolo" as I have a student who has just been given a school piccolo in order to play in a Broadway-type highschool show.

So here is a starter pack of ideas for the flutist who has to learn piccolo quickly and safely.

1. Have the piccolo repaired/oiled/cleaned by a good quality flute technician. If it's a school loaner-instrument it may have a shrunken or mis-positioned cork, and possibly one or two pads that need replacement or shimming.

Go ahead and invest in this important repair work, because unplayable piccolos are totally ridiculous in a performance situation. No pad leak or tuning-cork problem is so small that it won't show up in the performance at fortissimo-shmeerro....and you can quote me! ha.
So repair work first and think happy thoughts while you wait.
You can also devote yourself to getting a gorgeous tone on flute while you wait.


2. Buy protective earplugs. If you're a poor student, go for several pairs of the foam ($1 each pr. look like foam cylinders, wash with soap), or soft-plastic yellow cone-style used for construction ($15 see picture) which are good for wearing half-inserted as needed, or if you can afford it, two pairs of high quality musician's earplugs at $20 pair. The best earplugs for concerts and rehearsals are the ones that you can hear through when the music stops and you must hear talking, or that you can quickly pull out and hang around your neck on a string to quickly put back in again.

 
Professional orchestral flute/piccolo players use these $300 earplugs which are the current state of the art (they cancel out unexpected cymbal crashes; how cool!) and they allow you to hear talking as well as quiet sounds, all while filtering out the loudest sounds.

In general; use them often. You will need earplugs for any playing above high D (the third D, two ledger lines.) This is not a joke. Your ears will ring if you don't heed this advice, and then, as you age, sob, sob... you will be deaf, and you'll be unable to listen to any further advice. So take heed; be ready with earplugs.

To save your ears you can also move to a practice space with: a) high ceilings b) lots of space c) carpet and drapes, soft furnishings, and other sound mufflers.

3. Practice the flute always before practicing piccolo. If you have a gorgeous, effortless, ringing, pearly and divinely beautiful high G on the flute, then you can switch to piccolo almost immediately (same air speed, same embouchure for high G on flute makes piccolo playing very easy to figure out.)

4. When you first play piccolo, stay in the low register until you are able to play with a very resonant and gorgeous tone. Don't try to play super high in your first few weeks on the piccolo. Play low and beautifully.
ie: Low longtones, slow Irish Airs, folktunesslow melodies, preludes, and low, lovely, invented meanderings are all part of early piccolo mastery. So stay low and gorgeous. Think "an Alto with a warm, kind voice" not "shrieking twig that defies me while deafening all!". :>)

5. The piccolo is placed slightly higher on the lower lip than the flute (pictures of this in my previous articles on piccolo). It's easier to hold, and you can play much longer on a breath. However the biggest difference between the two instruments is that the high register of the flute is almost always sharp, whereas, because the piccolo ( imagine that it takes the same fast air as a high G on the flute) can be flat when you least expect it. Most beginners don't remember to blow fast enough not to play FLAT in the upper register of the piccolo, and it's so unexpected they shrink from the sound and it goes even flatter. So when first learning the middle register of the piccolo, use 'The Tuning CD*' (which I prefer to electronic tuners) in order to blend and develop the sound quality so that it has the right air speed and the right angle of air to make each note a gem.

6. Take frequent rests during practice, and remember to put in your earplugs (right ear only if desired) especially if you play above D3. If you are working extensively above high D (two ledger line D) on piccolo, put both earplugs in and take a rest every five minutes. You don't want ringing ears. Did I mention you don't want to be deef? :>)

7. Play beautifully from the very start.

 Low, slow warmups, longtones, slow chromatic and diatonic scales with Tuning CD* drones, overblowing harmonics are all good. For printable pages, see all my suggested Warmups  (and for more advanced flutists, see Magic Carpet by Buyse for high register air-speed awareness).

Gradually you can advance to low and easy playing legato thirds, slurred arpeggios using scales to connect distant intervals, and tiny little octave downward smears (Richter Basic Exercise done in miniature.). All of these will help develop a flexible and accurate embouchure.
The piccolo embouchure needs to be soft and the jaw and face relaxed. Embouchure motions are really tiny compared to flute; be loose and think micro-movements, then everything comes more easily.

 Spend many weeks of development in each of these areas. Try not to rush to the high octave. Slow practice and practicing tiny note-groupings are both superior to the "zippy playing through" type of practice.

If the music you're preparing requires you to change between flute and piccolo, practice exactly like that; play the flute, pick up the piccolo, and play the piccolo. Stay poised and relaxed for both.

Articulation can be worked on in single repeated notes for accuracy and clarity, away from the music.
Improvising to the metronome and Tuning CD* can be a fun way to clarify articulations without fatigue, before transferring the lightest motions to the piccolo passage that needs articulation work.

And as you will now have added both flute and piccolo hours to your day, be zen-like and avoid zooming through your work all reckless and hell-bent. Hearing a piccolo can make you war-like. It's biological! :>)

 So instead of falling for the whistles of war, ease into a very relaxed and observant mode of working with zen-like precision.

Stay loose; think more than you shriek, (haha!) and take many breaks where you relax down to one on a scale of 10 (tense) to 1 (jelly-fish looseness.).

See if you can just use the lower breathing muscles to support your sound in an open and free body.

Most of the support for a relaxed piccolo playing is all found in the abdominal region.
Above the solarplexis,  all open cavities should be open for resonance; Chest, throat, ribs, mouth...etc.

  Remember where our flute air-supporting power comes from: low in the abdomen.

8. For difficult passagework play the passage on flute successfully before transferring the passage back to the piccolo. You can also play the piccolo passages in the lower octaves to rest your ears and to get to know the phrasing and articulation before playing it as written. Good luck and don't go deef. Best,
Jen speedtyping piccolo doubler

More Piccolo articles:

Jen's piccolo overview article: Piccolo Questions (and Answers)

Alternative piccolo fingerings: chart in pdf.

Piccolo articles and resources: http://christiebeard.homestead.com/pedagogy.html

Bandmaster's handout - A piccolo overview: Garrison pdf.
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*The Tuning CD*

Once a CD, but now mp3s and iTunes: links

The Tuning CD A-440 (amazon) mp3s (iTunes)

The Tuning CD liner notes: the booklet for download: pdf

Why use the Tuning CD? Newish comprehensive article.

You only need the first twelve tracks (C, C#, D, Eb...etc.). Set the CD player on "repeat" to get an endless loop to practice in one key. (C on track one is for C major and C minor. D on track 3 is for D major or D minor etc.)